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缪炎刚

理论物理

个人资料

  • 部门: 物理学院
  • 性别:
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  • 学位: 理学博士
  • 学历:
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  • 电子邮箱: miaoyg@nankai.edu.cn
  • 办公地址: 第三教学楼220
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教育经历

工作经历

个人简介

毕业于兰州大学物理学系理论物理专业,获理学学士、理学硕士、理学博士学位,并担任助教、讲师;获得博士学位后,到中国科学技术大学近代物理学系做博士后,出站时取得副教授任职资格;然后受聘在厦门大学物理学系任副教授、教授;现为南开大学物理学院教授、博士生导师。

研究领域

我的研究领域是理论物理学中的量子场论、引力与黑洞物理及其相关问题。目前的研究方向为引力量子化和修改引力的一些可行性方案。二十世纪以来,物理学经历了巨大的发展和变革,量子力学和广义相对论在物理学的方方面面获得了前所未有的成功。量子力学很好地描绘了微观层面的物理现象,而广义相对论则对宏观层面的引力进行了成功的刻画。然而,随着研究的深入,当考虑宇宙的形成以及黑洞的性质等问题时,人们往往需要同时考虑量子力学和广义相对论,也就面临着量子和引力结合的问题。如果直接用通常的方法对引力进行量子化,则会遇到无法重整等困难。于是,如何构建恰当的量子引力理论成为人们关注的焦点,也是理论物理研究中非常重要的问题。虽然超弦理论和圈量子引力理论是令人瞩目的候选者,但是实验验证的缺失使得人们提出其他的量子引力方案,试图从其他视角解决引力量子化这一重要问题。

黑洞作为广义相对论预言的一类非常特殊的客体,它的物理意义可以理解为不能传播到类光无限远的事件集合,而黑洞的事件视界为这类事件集合的边界,是时空中的一个类光超曲面。从霍金对黑洞辐射的研究开始,黑洞的量子特性便得到了广泛关注,尤其是与霍金同时期的J. Bekenstein指出了经典黑洞动力学规律与热力学定律存在一致性,这些进展立刻就得到关注并最终形成了黑洞热力学这一分支。经典黑洞只有少数几个参数,不能成为一个多自由度的热力学系统,这些自由度的来源只能从量子理论中寻求。黑洞处在极端时空条件下,其内部存在奇异性,视界面能够起到陷俘作用。因而对黑洞附近量子效应进行自洽而完备的描述就成为寻求量子引力理论的一条极具潜力的途径。于是,黑洞这个具有丰富量子特性的强引力天体成为各种量子引力方案的理论检验平台,对黑洞的进一步研究将加深我们对于量子引力的理解。

近来,Dvali等人提出了新的黑洞量子化模型。它的主要思想是,任何经典客体应被看作一个具有大占据数N的量子束缚态,其中引力存在占据数N趋于无穷大的半经典极限。在此模型中,定义量子黑洞为引力子构成的处于量子临界的Bose-Einstein凝聚态,其中占据数N取有限值,它反映黑洞的量子效应。黑洞的特殊性在于量子临界要求N取极大值。对这种凝聚现象的研究表明,在定性上黑洞的量子性质并不明显依赖于具体的拉格朗日量,而是Bose-Einstein凝聚系统具有的普遍性质。因此,人们可以通过实验观测或计算机数值模拟等方法,对一般Bose-Einstein系统进行研究,利用这种类比方式去分析黑洞的量子性质。

除了与量子理论不相容外,越来越精确的天文观测表明,当引力场比较强或者空间曲率较大时,广义相对论给出的预言与实验值存在偏离,这就要求对广义相对论进行修改,即修改引力(modified gravity)。修改引力理论的方法比较多,其中很受关注的一种是标量-张量耦合的引力理论。1974Horndeski提出了一类标量-张量耦合的引力理论。从该理论出发,导出的场方程是二阶的,避免了高阶场方程导致的态问题。此外,这样的引力理论具有普遍意义,即由该理论出发,取相应的特殊情况,可以退化到诸如Brans-Dicke理论、f(R)理论、Einstein-dilaton-Gauss-Bonnet理论等修改引力理论。因此研究该理论框架下的动力学性质和几何性质对于我们进一步诠释广义相对论、黑洞理论以及宇宙学实验观测结果(比如暗物质和暗能量的解释)等具有重要意义。

具体研究内容和结果参见论文专著项。

教学工作

我在高校的教学经历是比较长的,自1983年起,陆陆续续承担了《理论力学》、《电动力学》、《热力学与统计物理》、《量子力学》、《数学物理方法》和《高等量子力学》等课程的辅导、讲授,几乎每门课程都重复过好几遍。从2004年到南开大学任教以来,我则主讲本科生《数学物理方法》课程。




本科生教学

数学物理方法

更多信息

2012届博士毕业典礼发言稿


科研项目

(1)国家自然科学基金面上项目,编号11675081,量子引力和黑洞物理若干基本问题研究,2017年01月-2020年12月。

(2)国家自然科学基金面上项目,编号11175090,非对易时空中量子场论与引力和黑洞理论若干基本问题研究,2012年01月-2015年12月。

(3)高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金,编号20120031110027,黑洞熵的修正与量子反常,2013年01月-2015年12月。

(4)国家自然科学基金面上项目,编号10675061,场论和弦及其扩展物质理论的非对易性和对称性研究,2007年01月-2009年12月。

(5)国家自然科学基金国际合作与交流项目,编号10811140324,Brane世界中的对偶性和非对易性研究,2008年06月-2010年05月。

(6)高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金,编号20060055006,非对易时空中场论模型的超对称推广,2007年01月-2009年12月。

(7)国家自然科学基金面上项目,编号10275052,非交换规范理论和超对称理论中的对偶对称性研究,2003年01月-2005年12月。

(8)国家自然科学基金面上项目,编号19705007,约束动力系统的量子化,1998年01月-2000年12月。

(9)教育部回国留学人员基金,广义量子动力学研究,1998年01月-1999年12月。

(10)福建省自然科学基金项目,编号A95009,低维量子场论的新进展及其在凝聚态物理中的应用, 1995年05月-1997年04月。

(11)中国科学院理论物理特别支持费(LWTZ-1298)青年项目,手征物质和反常规范理论的自洽量子化,1993年01-12月。


论文著作

74 Papers and Preprints in Einglish(Nov.1991 -- Aug.2017)

1. Y.-G. Miao and L.Zhao, Complexity/Action Duality of the Shock Wave Geometry in a Massive Gravity Theory, arXiv:1708.01779[hep-th].

2. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Hawking Radiation of Five-dimensional Charged Black Holes with Scalar FieldsPhys. Lett. B 772 (2017) 542-546 [arXiv:1704.07086 [hep-th]].

3. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Validity of Maxwell Equal Area Law for Black Holes Conformally Coupled to Scalar Fields in AdS5 Spacetime, Eur. Phys. J. C 77 (2017) 403 (12 pages) [arXiv:1610.01769 [hep-th]].

4. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-M. Wu, Thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild-AdS Black Hole with a Minimal Length, Adv. High Energy Phys. 2017 (2017) 1095217 (14 pages) [arXiv: 1609.01629 [hep-th]].

5. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Thermodynamics of Horndeski Black Holes with Non-minimal Derivative Coupling, Eur. Phys. J. C 76 (2016) 638 (10 pages) [arXiv:1607.06629 [hep-th]].

6. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Phase Transition and Entropy Inequality of Noncommutative Black Holes in a New Extended Phase Space,JCAP 03 (2017) 046 (14 pages) [arXiv:1604.03229[hep-th]].

7. C. Liu, Y.-G. Miao, Y.-M. Wu, and Y.-H. Zhang, Self-Regular Black Holes Quantized by Means of an Analogue to Hydrogen Atoms, Adv. High Energy Phys. 2016 (2016) 5982482 (7 pages)[arXiv:1511.04865 [hep-th]].

8. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Thermodynamics of Noncommutative High-Dimensional AdS Black Holes with Non-Gaussian Smeared Matter Distributions, Eur. Phys. J. C 76 (2016) 217 (13 pages) [arXiv:1511.00853 [hep-th]].

9. Y.-G. Miao, Y.-J. Zhao, and S.-J. Zhang, Maximally Localized Statesand Quantum Corrections of Black Hole Thermodynamics in the Framework of a New Generalized Uncertainty Principle, Adv. High Energy Phys. 2015 (2015)627264 (15 pages) [arXiv:1410.4115 [hep-th]].

10. Y.-G. Miao, F.-F. Yuan, and Z.-Z. Zhang, Thermodynamic Approach to Field Equations in Lovelock Gravity and f(R) Gravity Revisited , Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 23 (2014) 1450093 (9 pages) [arXiv: 1407.1698 [gr-qc]].

11. Y.-G. Miao and X.-D. Wang, All-Loop Renormalizable Wess-Zumino Modelon Bosonic-Fermionic Noncommutative Superspace , Phys. Rev. D 91 (2015) 025016 (15 pages) [arXiv:1403.5046 [hep-th]].

12. Y.-G. Miao and X.-D. Wang, One-Loop Renormalizable Wess-Zumino Modelon Bosonic-Fermionic Noncommutative Superspace , Phys. Rev. D 90 (2014) 045036 (34 pages) [arXiv:1403.4705 [hep-th]].

13. Y.-G. Miao and H. Wang, Energy Spectrum and Phase Transition of Superfluid Fermi Gas of Atoms on Noncommutative Space, SIGMA 10 (2014) 075 (19 pages) [arXiv: 1402.4606[hep-th]].

14. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-J. Zhao, Interpretation of the Cosmological Constant Problem within the Framework of Generalized Uncertainty Principle, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 23 (2014) 1450062 (9 pages) [arXiv: 1312.4118 [hep-th]].

15. Y.-G. Miao and Z.-M. Xu, Investigation of Non-Hermitian Hamiltoniansin the Heisenberg Picture, Phys. Lett. A 380 (2016) 1805-1810[arXiv: 1212.6705 [quant-ph]].

16. J.-Q. Li, Q. Li, and Y.-G. Miao, Investigation of PT -Symmetric Hamiltonian Systems froman Alternative Point of View, Commun. Theor. Phys. 58 (2012) 497-503[arXiv: 1204.6544 [quant-ph]].

17. J.-Q. Li and Y.-G. Miao, Spontaneous Breaking of Permutation Symmetry in Pseudo-Hermitian Quantum Mechanics, Phys. Rev. A 85 (2012) 042110(9 pages) [arXiv: 1110.2312 [quant-ph]].

18. J.-Q. Li, Y.-G. Miao, and Z. Xue, A Possible Method for Non-Hermitianand Non-PT-Symmetric Hamiltonian Systems, PLoS ONE 9 (2014) e97107 (11 pages)[arXiv:1107.4972 [quant-ph]].

19. R.-X. Miao, M. Li, and Y.-G. Miao, Violation of the First Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics in f(T) Gravity, JCAP 11 (2011) 033 (14 pages) [arXiv:1107.0515 [hep-th]].

20. M. Li, R.-X. Miao, and Y.-G.Miao, Degrees of Freedom of f (T) Gravity, J. High Energy Phys. 07 (2011) 108 (15 pages) [arXiv:1105.5934[hep-th]].

21. Y.-G. Miao and S.-J. Zhang, The Coordinate Coherent States Approach Revisited, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 329 (2013) 133-145 [arXiv:1105.4025[hep-th]].

22. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-J. Zhao, Interacting Theory of Chiral Bosons and Gauge Fields on Noncommutative Extended Minkowski Spacetime, Commun. Theor. Phys. 57 (2012) 855-865 [arXiv:1102.5484[hep-th]].

23. Y.-G. Miao, Z. Xue, and S.-J. Zhang, Quantum Tunneling and Spectroscopy of Non-commutative Inspired Kerr Black Hole, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 21(2012) 1250018 (13 pages) [arXiv:1102.0074 [hep-th]].

24. Y.-G. Miao, Z. Xue, and S.-J. Zhang, Tunneling of Massive Particlesfrom Non-commutative Inspired Schwarzschild Black Hole, Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 44 (2012) 555-566 [arXiv:1012.2426[hep-th]].

25. Y.-G. Miao, Z. Xue, and S.-J. Zhang, Massive Charged Particle's Tunneling from Spherical Charged Black Hole, Europhys. Lett. 96 (2011) 10008 (5 pages) [arXiv:1012.0390 [hep-th]].

26. W. He and Y.-G. Miao, Mathieu Equation and Elliptic Curve, Commun. Theor. Phys. 58 (2012) 827-834 [arXiv:1006.5185[math-ph]].

27. Y.-G. Miao, Z. Xue, and S.-J.Zhang, U (2,2) Gravity on Noncommutative Space with Symplectic Structure, Phys. Rev. D 83 (2011) 024023 (9 pages) [arXiv:1006.4074 [hep-th]].

28. W. He and Y.-G. Miao, Magnetic Expansion of Nekrasov Theory: The SU(2) Pure Gauge Theory, Phys. Rev. D 82 (2010) 025020 (9 pages)[arXiv:1006.1214 [hep-th]].

29. Y.-G. Miao and S.-J. Zhang, SL(2,C)Gravity on Noncommutative Space with Poisson Structure , Phys. Rev. D 82 (2010) 084017 (7 pages) [arXiv:1004.2118 [hep-th]].

30. Y.-G. Miao, Noncommutative Extension of Minkowski Spacetime and Its Primary Application, Prog. Theor. Phys. 123 (2010) 791-810[arXiv:0912.5075 [hep-th]].

31. Y.-G. Miao, X.-D. Wang, and S.-J. Yu, Classical Mechanics on Noncommutative Space with Lie-Algebraic Structure, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 326 (2011) 2091-2107 [arXiv:0911.5227 [math-ph]].

32. R.-X. Miao, Y.-G. Miao, and S.-J. Yu, Dual Actions for Born-Infeld and Dp-Brane Theories, Commun. Theor. Phys. 52 (2009) 287-291[arXiv:0710.3471 [hep-th]].

33. Y.-G. Miao, New Born-Infeld and Dp-Brane Actions under 2-Metric and 3-Metric Prescriptions , Phys. Rev. D 75 (2007) 086001 (15 pages) [arXiv:hep-th/0612284].

34. Y.-G. Miao, Hamiltonian Analyses of New Set of Dual Actions of Bosonic p-Branes, J. High Energy Phys. 02 (2005) 014 (12 pages) [arXiv:hep-th/0406069].

35. Y.-G. Miao and N. Ohta, Complete Intersecting Non-Extreme p-Branes, Phys. Lett. B 594 (2004) 218-226 [arXiv:hep-th/0404082].

36. Y.-G. Miao, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and D.K. Park, A Note on Tachyons in the D3+D3 (_____ )System, Mod. Phys. Lett. A 19 (2004) 2029-2036[arXiv:hep-th/0402030].()

37. D.K. Park, S.N. Tamaryan, and Y.-G. Miao, Newton Law in DGP Brane-World with Semi-Infnite Extra Dimension, Phys. Lett. B 578 (2004) 443-448 [arXiv:hep-th/0309071].

38. Y.-G. Miao, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and D.K. Park, Chiral Bosons in Noncommutative Spacetime , J. High Energy Phys. 08 (2003) 038 (21pages) [arXiv:hep-th/0306034].

39. Y.-G. Miao and N. Ohta, Parent Actions, Dualities and NewWeyl-invariant Actions of Bosonic p-brane, J. High Energy Phys. 04 (2003) 010 (16 pages) [arXiv:hep-th/0301233].

40. D.K. Park, H. Kim, Y.-G. Miao, and H.J.W. Müller -Kirsten, Randall-Sundrum Scenario at Nonzero Temperature, Phys. Lett. B 519 (2001) 159-163[arXiv:hep-th/0107156].

41. Y.-G. Miao, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and D.K. Park, Constructing Doubly Self-Dual Chiral p-Form Actions in D=2(p+1) Spacetime Dimensions , Nucl. Phys. B 612 (2001) 215-225[arXiv:hep-th/0106197].

42. Y.-G. Miao, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and D.K. Park, Duality Symmetry in Momentum Frame, Phys. Rev. D 65 (2002) 085027 (6 pages)[arXiv:hep-th/0105029].

43. D.K. Park, S.N. Tamaryan, Y.-G.Miao, and H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, Tunneling of Born-Infeld Strings to D2-Branes, Nucl. Phys. B 606 (2001) 84-100 [arXiv:hep-th/0011116].

44. Y.-G. Miao, R. Manvelyan, and H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, Self-Duality beyond Chiral p-Form Actions, Phys. Lett. B 482 (2000) 264-270[arXiv:hep-th/0002060].

45. Y.-G. Miao and H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, Self-Duality of Various Chiral Boson Actions, Phys. Rev. D 62 (2000) 045014 (9 pages) [arXiv:hep-th/9912066].

46. S.-M. Li, Y.-G. Miao, Z.-F. Zhou, J. Chen, and Y.-Y. Liu, Antihydrogen Formation in Laser-Assisted Positron-Antiproton Scattering, Phys. Rev. A 58 (1998) 2615-2616. [PDF]

47. S.-M. Li, Y.-G. Miao, Z.-F. Zhou, J. Chen, and Y.-Y. Liu, Double Electron Capture between an Alpha-Particle and a Helium in the Presence of an Intense Laser Field, Phys. Rev. A 57 (1998) 3705-3711. [PDF]

48. Y.-G. Miao, S.-M. Li, X.-B. Huang, and C.-H. Chen, Canonical Treatment of the Massive Thirring Model in 3+1 Dimensions, Nuovo Cimento A 111 (1998) 413-429.[PDF]

49. Y.-G. Miao and C.-H. Chen, A Note on Soldering Chiralities, Commun. Theor. Phys. 30 (1998) 317-320.[PDF]

50. Y.-G. Miao and C.-H. Chen, Chiral Bosonized Versions Hidden in Chiral Schwinger Models, Commun. Theor. Phys. 28 (1997) 493-496.[PDF]

51. S.-M. Li, Y.-G. Miao, Z.-F. Zhou, J. Chen, and Y.-Y. Liu, Laser-Assisted Electron Capture by a Fast Proton from a Hydrogen Atom, Z. Phys. D 39 (1997) 29-34.[PDF]

52. Y.-G. Miao and C.-H. Chen, Another Proof of the Equivalence between the Duality Symmetric and Maxwell's Actions, Commun. Theor. Phys. 27(1997) 253-256.[PDF]

53. J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, J.-Q. Liang, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and Z. Zhang, Quantizationof 2D-Gravity with Weyl and Area-Preserving Diffeomorphism Invariance, Z. Phys. C 73 (1997) 563-567 [arXiv:hep-th/9604093].

54. Y.-G. Miao, H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten, and J.-G. Zhou, Gauge Invariant Theoriesof the Generalized Chiral Schwinger Model, Z. Phys.C 71 (1996) 525-531.[PDF]

55. H.J.W. Müller-Kirsten,J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, and J.-Q. Liang, 2D Quantum Dilaton Gravitational Hamiltonian, Boundary Terms and New Definitionfor Total Energy, Phys. Lett. B 362 (1995) 51-58[arXiv:hep-th/9509112].

56. Y.-G. Miao, J.-G. Zhou, and C.-J. Yue, Construction of the BRST-Invariant Action for a Gauged Self-Dual Theory Using the Batalin-Fradkin Algorithm, Commun. Theor. Phys.23 (1995) 375-378.[PDF]

57. S.-M. Li, B. Wang, Y.-G. Miao, and D.-P. Zhu, A New Description of Field: the Pseudo-Hamiltonian Description, Nuovo Cimento A 107(1994) 1237-1242.[PDF]

58. J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, and Y.-Y. Liu, Chiral Bosonized Action and the Minimal Wess-Zumino-Witten Action for Chiral Two-Dimensional QCD from Path-Integral Method, Mod. Phys.Lett. A 9 (1994) 1643-1652.[PDF]

59. J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, and Y.-Y. Liu, A Novel Covariant Approach to the Quantization of Interactive Chiral Bosons, Mod. Phys. Lett. A 9(1994) 1273-1281.[PDF]

60. J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, and Y.-Y. Liu, A New Geometrical Insight into the Anomalies in the String Theory, Phys. Rev. D 49 (1994) 2129-2132.[PDF]

61. J.-G. Zhou, Y.-G. Miao, and Y.-Y. Liu, Reconstruction of Wess-Zumino-Witten Action from Batalin-Fradkin Algorithm for Anomalous d=2 Non-Abelian Chiral Theory, J. Phys. G 20 (1994) 35-49.[PDF]

62. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-Y. Liu, Lorentz Invariant Generalization of the Linear Self-Dual Constrained Theory, Commun. Theor. Phys. 21 (1994) 505-508.[PDF]

63. Y.-G. Miao, S.-M. Li, and Y.-Y. Liu, A Comment on the Faddeevian Regularization, J. Phys. G 20 (1994) L27-L31.[PDF]

64. Y.-G. Miao, J.-G. Zhou, and Y.-Y. Liu, Derivation of the Wess-Zumino Action for the Generalized Schwinger Model from the Batalin-Fradkin Algorithm, Z. Phys. C 61 (1994) 317-322.[PDF]

65. Y.-G. Miao, J.-G. Zhou, and Y.-Y. Liu, New Way of the Derivation of First-Order Wess-Zumino Terms, Phys.Lett. B 323 (1994) 169-173.[PDF]

66. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-S. Duan, Alternative Lorentz-Type Symmetry of the Theory of Chiral Bosons with Interactions, Commun. Theor. Phys. 20 (1993) 125-128.[PDF]

67. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-Y. Liu, BFV Quantization of the Minimal Chiral Schwinger Model, Commun. Theor. Phys. 20 (1993) 101-106.[PDF]

68. Y.-G. Miao, Exact Solution of the New Bosonization ofthe Chiral Schwinger Model, Commun. Theor. Phys. 19 (1993) 381-384.[PDF]

69. Y.-G. Miao, Remarks on the Quantization of Self-Dual Fields, Commun. Theor. Phys. 19 (1993) 125-128.[PDF]

70. Y.-G. Miao and Y.-Y. Liu, Faddeev-Jackiw Quantization of Gauge Invariant Version of the Linear Self-Dual Constrained Theory, Chinese Phys. Lett. 10 (1993) 5-7.[PDF]

71. Y.-G. Miao, J.-G. Zhou, and Y.-Y. Liu, Alternative Gauge-Invariant Formulation of the Generalized Schwinger Model, J. Phys. G 19 (1993) 1797-1803.[PDF]

72. Y.-G. Miao, S.-M. Li, and Y.-Y. Liu, Quantization of Self-Dual Fieldswith Second-Order Derivatives, J. Phys. G 19 (1993) L33-L37.[PDF]

73. Y.-G. Miao, Canonical Quantization of the Gauge-Invariant Version of the Minimal Chiral Schwinger Model, Nuovo Cimento A 105 (1992) 1301-1306.[PDF]

74. Y.-G. Miao, Feynman Propagators of Self-Dual Fields, J. Phys. G 17 (1991) L177-L180.[PDF]


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学术成果

学位: 理学博士

毕业院校:

邮件: miaoyg@nankai.edu.cn

办公地点: 第三教学楼220

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